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  • Ⓒ Derek Marlow Ewell

Essay on Diversity versus Homogeny

Updated: Oct 12, 2023

Title: Embracing Diversity: Exploring the Harmony of Differences

Introduction: Diversity and homogeny are two sides of the same coin that shape our understanding of the world around us. Homogeny implies uniformity and sameness, while diversity represents specialization and multiplicity. In this essay, we will explore the coexistence of diversity and homogeny, highlighting the harmony of diversity and the transformative power it holds.


Diversity as White Light: White light can be metaphor for diversity. While white light may appear as a single entity, and homogeneous it is actually a blend of all the colors of the rainbow, mixed together. This was proven by Isaac Newton when he took a prism and noticed the rainbow of colors when “white light” passed through it. Then He took another prism and focused the rainbow of light through it and reproduced white light. He published these findings in 1672 in his book called Opticks. In essence, white light symbolizes the combination of diverse elements, this highlights the beauty and richness found in diversity. Similarly, in societies, diversity leads to specialization, of talents, gifts, and experiences, resulting in a harmonious and vibrant collective like the human body.


Cellular Multiplication and Homogeny: At the onset of life, a fertilized egg begins to divide and multiply this happens hundreds if not thousands of times. Initially, each duplicated cell is identical, in a state of homogeny. Then during the subsequent divisions, cells begin to diversify and specialize. These pre-specialized cells are called stem cells. These stem cells are waiting to specialize, into hands, feet, eyes, and the brain etc. This process of diversification is vital for the development of all the different organs and functions within the body as a complete whole. Thus, homogeny is only a developmental stage in the journey towards diversity, specialization and the complexity of life.


Side effects of Homogeny: Homogeny is defined as uniformity and sameness, or being all the same, which can lead to stagnation and no growth. When societies prioritize homogeneity, innovation is often stifled in the progress.


As an example, The Hapsburg dynasty emphasized the concept of homogeny, they did this by intentionally marring relatives leading to one of the first studies in inbreeding. They did this to maintain the family’s bloodline and to consolidate power, unfortunately this emphasis on homogeny led to genetic disorders, like physical deformities in their lips and jaws, also cognitive maladies. These genetic mutations lead to their downfall.


Conversely, studies have shown that diversity fuels creativity, fosters ingenuity, and encourages thinking outside of the box. It enables companies and communities to adapt and thrive in a rapidly changing world.


Benefits of Diversity: Diversity enriches societies in endless ways. By embracing diverse cultures and communities everyone can learn from each other and learn to appreciate different customs, values, and traditions. The exchange of ideas and experiences sparks innovation and leads to holistic problem-solving. Moreover, diversity promotes empathy and understanding, as individuals are exposed to different perspectives, fostering a more compassionate and interconnected world.


The Homogeny of humanity: While diversity is essential, it does not negate the role of homogeny entirely; we can remember they are two sides of the same coin. When we center humanity as a core value, which we can call the harmony of humanity we will provide a sense of unity and shared identity within all communities. This will allow for the formation of common bonds and values, leading to social cohesion.

Emphasizing homogeny is often disastrous, and is not the natural outcome of nature, nature loves diversity and fosters and promotes diversity in animals and plants. We can ask ourselves how many different types of roses are there, how many different types of trees are there, how many different types of fish are there? Science discovers new biology every year.


Harmony through Diversity: True harmony lies in the acceptance and celebration of diversity. Just as the colors of the rainbow are combined together to form white light, when individuals from various backgrounds and experiences unite to create a harmonious society. By valuing and embracing diversity, we can tap into the collective wisdom and potential of all individuals, leading to inclusive institutions, equitable opportunities, and a brighter future.


Conclusion: Diversity and homogeny represent two contrasting concepts, each with its own merits. It is clear that homogeny and sameness have down sides. While homogeny provides a sense of unity and cohesion, it is diversity that makes societies truly flourish. By appreciating the analogy of white light and the process of cellular diversification, we can know that diversity brings forth an array of talents, specialization, and experiences that enrich our collective existence. It is in the process of embracing diversity that we find true harmony, and in these differences, we can unlock our true potential as individuals and as a global community.


© Derek Marlow Ewell 2023


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